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Former Trump Advisor Undercuts Defense 11/22 06:19

   They heard the measured testimony of career diplomats and the mind-boggling 
account of a first-time ambassador who declared he was in charge of President 
Donald Trump's Ukraine policy. On Thursday, House impeachment investigators got 
straight talk from Fiona Hill, a no-nonsense former White House national 
security adviser who was alarmed by what she saw unfolding around her.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- They heard the measured testimony of career diplomats and 
the mind-boggling account of a first-time ambassador who declared he was in 
charge of President Donald Trump's Ukraine policy. On Thursday, House 
impeachment investigators got straight talk from Fiona Hill, a no-nonsense 
former White House national security adviser who was alarmed by what she saw 
unfolding around her.

   Hill, who speaks rapid-fire and in the distinctive accent of the coal 
country of northeastern England where she grew up, testified about what she 
witnessed inside the White House as two men --- Ambassador to the European 
Union Gordon Sondland and Trump's personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani --- carried out 
the policy of an unconventional president.

   She is a distinguished Russia analyst who took a break from the think-tank 
world to serve as a national intelligence officer from early 2006 to late 2009. 
She took another leave from the Brookings Institution in early 2017 to join the 
National Security Council at the start of the Trump administration, a decision 
that raised eyebrows at the time.

   Hill built her reputation on her insights into Russian President Vladimir 
Putin and her clear-eyed view of the threats posed by Russia, yet she went to 
work for a president who discounted Russian election interference and appeared 
to believe in Putin's good intentions.

   In closed-door testimony last month, Hill testified that she spent an 
"inordinate amount of time" at the White House trying to coordinate with 
Sondland, whose donation to Trump's inauguration preceded his appointment as 
ambassador to the EU. On Thursday, she said it dawned on her while watching 
Sondland's testimony the day before that he wasn't coordinating with her 
because their missions had diverged. Hill said Sondland "was being involved in 
a domestic political errand, and we were being involved in national security 
foreign policy."

   Sondland testified Wednesday that Trump and Giuliani sought a quid pro quo 
with Ukraine, and that he was under orders from the president to help make it 
happen. He said Trump wanted Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy to 
announce investigations of Democrats before he would agree to welcome him at 
the White House. As the push progressed, Trump also held up nearly $400 million 
in military aid that Ukraine was counting on to fend off Russian aggression.

   Hill's authoritative testimony appeared to flummox Republicans defending 
Trump. After she shared her new reading of Sondland in the afternoon session, 
few asked her further questions and instead used their time to make their own 

   In her closed testimony, she described Sondland as a counterintelligence 
risk because of his use of a personal cellphone, including in Ukraine, where 
the networks are easily hacked by Russia.

   Sondland called Trump on his cellphone from a restaurant in Kyiv on July 26, 
the day after Trump had spoken with Zelenskiy. David Holmes, a U.S. diplomat in 
Kyiv, was sitting across the table and said he overheard Trump ask whether the 
Ukrainian president was going to do the investigations and Sondland tell him 
that he would. Holmes also testified on Thursday.

   Unlike Sondland, who explained discrepancies in his testimony by saying he 
doesn't take notes, Hill is a meticulous note-taker. She says it was a habit 
she learned from the first grade because her town was so poor that pupils 
didn't have textbooks.

   In her opening statement Thursday, she said her working-class accent would 
have impeded her in England in the 1980s and 1990s, but her poor background has 
never set her back in America, where she has lived since earning her doctorate 
at Harvard. She said her father, a coal miner since the age of 14, had dreamed 
of immigrating to the U.S. and always wanted someone in the family to make it 
to the country he saw as a "beacon of hope in the world." Hill became an 
American citizen in 2002.

   She was asked about a story she tells friends from when she was 11, when a 
boy in her class set one of her pigtails on fire while she was taking a test. 
She extinguished the fire with her hands and finished the test. Hill said she 
tells the story because of its "unfortunate consequences." Afterward, her 
mother gave her a bowl haircut, and she "looked like Richard III."

   Hill left the administration about a week before the July 25 call in which 
Trump asked Zelenskiy to investigate his Democratic rival Joe Biden, Biden's 
son and a discredited conspiracy theory that Ukraine, not Russia, interfered in 
the 2016 election. She learned the details only when the White House released a 
rough transcript in September and said she was shocked.

   "I sat in an awful lot of calls, and I have not seen anything like this," 
she said.

   But the call did not come out of the blue. It was an outgrowth of a July 10 
meeting of U.S. and Ukrainian officials at the White House that Hill witnessed 
and described to lawmakers in vivid detail.

   Hill said Sondland "blurted out" that he and Trump's acting chief of staff, 
Mick Mulvaney, had worked out a deal for Ukraine's president to visit the White 
House in exchange for opening the investigations. Her boss, national security 
adviser John Bolton, "immediately stiffened" and ended the meeting.

   When Sondland led the Ukrainians to a room downstairs in the White House to 
continue the discussions, Bolton sent Hill to "find out what they're talking 
about." As she walked in, Sondland was trying to set up the meeting between the 
two presidents and mentioned Giuliani. Hill cut him off.

   She reported back to Bolton, who told her to tell an NSC lawyer what she had 
heard and to make clear that "I am not part of whatever drug deal Sondland and 
Mulvaney are cooking up on this."

   Sondland on Wednesday pushed back on Hill's account. He said he doesn't 
remember the meeting being cut short and denied that by carrying out Trump's 
Ukraine policy he was engaging in "some kind of rogue diplomacy."

   Hill testified that she was frustrated by Sondland, particularly over his 
casual use of cellphones. He not only used his to call Trump and foreign 
officials, but he was also giving out her number as well. Officials from Europe 
would appear at the gates of the White House and call her personal phone, which 
was kept in a lockbox. She would later find messages from irate officials who 
had been told by Sondland that they could meet with her.

   She is sensitive to security risks. While writing a book on Putin published 
in 2013, she said her phone and Brookings' computer system were repeatedly 

   During her deposition, Hill's temper flared when asked about conspiracy 
theories, including those espoused by Trump and his allies, seeking to deny 
Russia interfered in the 2016 presidential election. The reason she joined the 
Trump administration, she said, was because the U.S. is "in peril as a 
democracy" as a result of interference by Russians and others.

   She said Thursday that the questions so unnerved her that she devoted much 
of her opening statement to addressing the Russia threat.

   Hill said the theory that Ukraine, not Russia, was responsible for the 2016 
election interference "is a fictional narrative that has been perpetrated and 
propagated by the Russian security services themselves."

   And the Russians are gearing up to repeat their interference in the 2020 
election. "We are running out of time to stop them," she said. "In the course 
of this investigation, I would ask that you please not promote politically 
driven falsehoods that so clearly advance Russian interests."


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