Sri Lanka Failed to Head Attack Warning04/22 06:18
Sri Lankan officials failed to heed warnings from intelligence agencies
about the threat of an attack by a domestic radical Muslim group that officials
blame for Easter Sunday bombings that killed more than 200 people, the
country's health minister said Monday.
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AP) -- Sri Lankan officials failed to heed warnings from
intelligence agencies about the threat of an attack by a domestic radical
Muslim group that officials blame for Easter Sunday bombings that killed more
than 200 people, the country's health minister said Monday.
The coordinated bombings that ripped through churches and luxury hotels were
carried out by seven suicide bombers from a militant group named National
Thowfeek Jamaath, Health Minister Rajitha Senaratne said.
International intelligence agencies warned of the attacks several times
starting April 4, Senaratne said. On April 9, the defense ministry wrote to the
police chief with intelligence that included the group's name, he said. On
April 11, police wrote to the heads of security of the judiciary and diplomatic
security division, Senaratne said.
It was not immediately clear what action, if any, was taken in response.
Authorities said little was known about the group except that its name had
appeared in intelligence reports.
Because of political dysfunction within the government, Seranatne said,
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe and his Cabinet were kept in the dark about
the intelligence until after the attacks.
President Maithrela Sirisena, who was out of the country at the time of the
attacks, ousted Wickremesinghe in late October and dissolved the Cabinet. The
Supreme Court eventually reversed his actions, but the prime minister has not
been allowed into meetings of the Security Council since October.
All of the bombers were Sri Lankan citizens, but authorities suspect foreign
links, Senaratne said.
Earlier, Ariyananda Welianga, a government forensic crime investigator, said
an analysis of the attackers' body parts made clear that they were suicide
bombers. He said most of the attacks were carried out by individual bombers,
with two at Colombo's Shangri-La Hotel.
The bombings, Sri Lanka's deadliest violence since a devastating civil war
ended a decade ago on the island nation, killed at least 290 people with more
than 500 wounded, Police spokesman Ruwan Gunasekara said Monday.
Meanwhile, Sri Lankan police investigating the bombings are examining
reports that intelligence agencies had warnings of possible attacks, officials
Two government ministers have alluded to intelligence failures.
Telecommunications Minister Harin Fernando tweeted, "Some intelligence officers
were aware of this incidence. Therefore there was a delay in action. Serious
action needs to be taken as to why this warning was ignored." He said his
father had heard of the possibility of an attack as well and had warned him not
to enter popular churches.
And Mano Ganeshan, the minister for national integration, said his
ministry's security officers had been warned by their division about the
possibility that two suicide bombers would target politicians.
The police's Criminal Investigation Department, which is handling the
investigation into the blasts, will look into those reports, Gunasekara said.
Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith, the archbishop of Colombo, said the attacks could
have been thwarted.
"We placed our hands on our heads when we came to know that these deaths
could have been avoided. Why this was not prevented?" he said.
Earlier, Defense Minister Ruwan Wijewardena described the blasts as a
terrorist attack by religious extremists, and police said 13 suspects had been
arrested, though there was no immediate claim of responsibility.
The Tamil Tigers, once a powerful rebel army known for its use of suicide
bombers, was crushed by the government in 2009, and had little history of
targeting Christians. While anti-Muslim bigotry has swept the island in recent
years, fed by Buddhist nationalists, the island also has no history of violent
Muslim militants. The country's small Christian community has seen only
scattered incidents of harassment in recent years.
The explosions --- mostly in or around Colombo, the capital --- collapsed
ceilings and blew out windows, killing worshippers and hotel guests in one
scene after another of smoke, soot, blood, broken glass, screams and wailing
A morgue worker in the town of Negombo, outside Colombo, where St.
Sebastian's Church was targeted, said many bodies were hard to identify because
of the extent of the injuries. He spoke on condition of anonymity.
Lakmal, a 41-year-old businessman in Negombo who declined to provide his
last name, went with his family to St. Sebastian's for Easter Mass. He said
they all escaped the blast unscathed, but he remains haunted by images of
bodies being taken from the sanctuary and tossed into a truck.
At the Shangri-La Hotel, a witness said "people were being dragged out"
after the blast.
"There was blood everywhere," said Bhanuka Harischandra a 24-year-old from
Colombo and founder of a tech marketing company. He was heading to the hotel
for a meeting when it was bombed. "People didn't know what was going on. It was
Most of those killed were Sri Lankans. But the three bombed hotels and one
of the churches, St. Anthony's Shrine, are frequented by foreign tourists, and
Sri Lanka's Foreign Ministry said the bodies of at least 27 foreigners from a
variety of countries were recovered.
The U.S. said "several" Americans were among the dead, while Britain, India,
China, Japan and Portugal said they, too, lost citizens.
The streets were largely deserted Monday morning, with most shops closed and
a heavy deployment of soldiers and police. Stunned clergy and onlookers
gathered at St. Anthony's Shrine, looking past the soldiers to the stricken
The Sri Lankan government initially lifted a curfew that had been imposed
during the night but reinstated it Monday afternoon. Most social media remained
blocked Monday after officials said they needed to curtail the spread of false
information and ease tension in the country of about 21 million people.
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said he feared the massacre could
trigger instability in Sri Lanka, and he vowed to "vest all necessary powers
with the defense forces" to take action against those responsible.
The scale of the bloodshed recalled the worst days of Sri Lanka's 26-year
civil war, when the Tamil Tigers, from the ethnic Tamil minority, sought
independence from the Sinhalese-dominated country. The Sinhalese are largely
Buddhist. The Tamils are Hindu, Muslim and Christian.
Sri Lanka, off the southern tip of India, is about 70 percent Buddhist. In
recent years, tensions have been running high between hard-line Buddhist monks
Two Muslim groups in Sri Lanka condemned the church attacks, as did
countries around the world, and Pope Francis expressed condolences at the end
of his traditional Easter Sunday blessing in Rome.
Six nearly simultaneous blasts took place in the morning at the shrine and
the Cinnamon Grand, Shangri-La and Kingsbury hotels in Colombo, as well as at
two churches outside Colombo.
A few hours later, two more blasts occurred just outside Colombo, one at a
guesthouse where two people were killed, the other near an overpass, Atapattu
Also, three police officers were killed during a search at a suspected safe
house on the outskirts of Colombo when its occupants apparently detonated
explosives to prevent arrest, authorities said.
Authorities said a large bomb had been found and defused late Sunday on an
access road to the international airport.
Air Force Group Captain Gihan Seneviratne said Monday that authorities found
a pipe bomb filled with 50 kilograms (110 pounds) of explosives. It was large
enough to have caused damage to a 400-meter (400-yard) radius, he said.
Harischandra, who witnessed the attack at the Shangri-La Hotel, said there
was "a lot of tension" after the bombings, but added: "We've been through these
kinds of situations before."
He said Sri Lankans are "an amazing bunch" and noted that his social media
feed was flooded with photos of people standing in long lines to give blood.