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Travel Ban Ruling Headed to Supreme Crt05/26 05:43

   Donald Trump's administration is pledging a Supreme Court showdown over his 
travel ban after a federal appeals ruled that the ban "drips with religious 
intolerance, animus and discrimination."

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- Donald Trump's administration is pledging a Supreme Court 
showdown over his travel ban after a federal appeals ruled that the ban "drips 
with religious intolerance, animus and discrimination."

   Citing the president's duty to protect the country from terrorism, Attorney 
General Jeff Sessions said Thursday that the Justice Department will ask the 
high court to review the case, although he offered no timetable.

   The Supreme Court is almost certain to step into the case over the 
presidential executive order issued by Trump that seeks to temporarily cut off 
visas for people from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. The 
justices almost always have the final say when a lower court strikes down a 
federal law or presidential action.

   The case pits the president's significant authority over immigration against 
what the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit said was a policy that 
purported to be about national security but was intended to target Muslims.

   Parties generally have 90 days to appeal to the Supreme Court, but if the 
administration waits until late August to ask the court to step in, the 
justices probably would not vote on whether to hear the case until October and 
arguments probably wouldn't take place until February 2018 at the earliest. 
That would be more than a year after Trump rolled out the first travel ban.

   Administration lawyers could instead seek the justices' approval to put the 
travel policy in place on an emergency basis, even as the court weighs what to 
do with the larger dispute.

   If that happens, the justices' vote on an emergency motion would signal 
whether the government is likely to win in the end. It takes a majority of the 
court, five votes, to put a hold on a lower court ruling. If at least five 
justices vote to let the travel ban take effect, there's a good chance they 
also would uphold the policy later on.

   Thursday's ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit was a 
loss for the administration. The court ruled 10-3 that the ban likely violates 
the Constitution and upheld a lower court ruling blocking the Republican 
administration from enforcing the travel ban unveiled in March, a revised 
version of the policy first issued in January.

   The Richmond, Virginia-based 4th Circuit is the first appeals court to rule 
on the revised ban. Trump's administration had hoped it would avoid the legal 
problems that the first version encountered. A second appeals court, the 9th 
U.S. Circuit based in San Francisco, is also weighing the revised travel ban 
after a federal judge in Hawaii blocked it.

   A central question in the case is whether courts should consider Trump's 
public statements about wanting to bar Muslims from entering the country as 
evidence that the policy was primarily motivated by the religion.

   Trump's administration argued the 4th Circuit should not look beyond the 
text of the executive order, which doesn't mention religion. The countries were 
not chosen because they are predominantly Muslim but because they present 
terrorism risks, the administration said.

   But Chief Judge Roger L. Gregory wrote that the government's "asserted 
national security interest ... appears to be a post hoc, secondary 
justification for an executive action rooted in religious animus and intended 
to bar Muslims from this country."

   The three dissenting judges, all appointed by Republican presidents, said 
the majority was wrong to look beyond the text of the order. Judge Paul V. 
Niemeyer wrote that Supreme Court precedent required the court to consider the 
order "on its face." Looked at that way, the executive order "is entirely 
without constitutional fault," he wrote.

   Sessions said the court's ruling blocks Trump's "efforts to strengthen this 
country's national security."

   Trump's first travel ban issued Jan. 27 was aimed at seven countries and 
triggered chaos and protests across the U.S. as travelers were stopped from 
boarding international flights and detained at airports for hours. Trump 
tweaked the order after the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit refused 
to reinstate the ban.

   The new version made it clear the 90-day ban covering those six countries 
doesn't apply to those who already have valid visas. It also got rid of 
language that would give priority to religious minorities and removed Iraq from 
the list of banned countries. Critics said the changes don't erase the legal 
problems with the ban.

   Ilya Somin, a law professor at George Mason University, said it's difficult 
to make a confident prediction on what the Supreme Court will do with the case. 
If the Supreme Court follows a partisan divide, the Trump administration may 
fare better since five of the nine are Republican nominees. Still, he said, 
"Supreme Court justices don't always vote in ideological lockstep."


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